What is Quorum Sensing?
Quorum Sensing is when bacteria “sense” or try to communicate with other bacterial cells to coordinate with each, which improves survival.
When many bacteria gather in one place, enough to form a “quorum” as in the number of members needed to vote on an issue in parliamentary procedure, they are able to communicate with one another via chemical messages, or “quorum sensing” (QS).
For example, in order to form a biofilm, bacteria need to communicate with each other.
So when you “jam” these communication signals, it’s harder for bacteria to form biofilms and survive.
Quorum sensing allows the bacteria to work as en masse (as though together they made up one organism), to change their behavior and adapt to their present environment .
Basically, QS operates as “strength in numbers” for the bacteria to expand their territory, construct biofilm shields, defend against antimicrobial agents, and make any changes necessary to improve their chances of survival .
Why is it Important to Inhibit Quorum Sensing?
With the increased use of conventional antibiotics in modern medicine, there is an increasing problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria .
The failure of the antibiotic paradigm has led to concern over whether antibiotic medicine has reached its end .
An additional major cause for concern is the fact that conventional antibiotics are unable to effectively address the biofilm and quorum sensing aspects of chronic infections [3, 1].
Biofilms are collections of bacteria protected by self-produced shields. These shields are not necessarily hard, but are actually more glue-like and referred to as “slime”. This slime protects the bacteria from most antibiotics and other natural antimicrobials and from the immune system of the host, making it difficult to eradicate the bacterial infection .
Breaking down biofilms and disrupting quorum sensing is clearly key to truly eradicating bacterial infections and restoring normal immune system function.
Then the immune system can work as it was designed to keeping the body in homeostasis and defending against invaders.
Quorum Sensing Inhibitors
Following is a list of scientifically proven quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs). Many of them are whole plant sources and others are compounds that have been isolated from the naturally occurring sources to create a more potent bacterial adversary.
- APOB/LDL Cholesterol 
- Curcumin [6, 7, 8, 9]
- Resveratrol 
- Holy basil/Tulsi
- EGCG [11, 12, 13, 9]
- Pomegranate  and Ellagic acid (found in pomegranate) 
- Quercetin [16, 17]
- Naringenin [18, 19]
- Amla 
- Berries: Strawberry [21, 22], Wild Blueberry , Raspberry , Cranberry [22, 14], Blackberry 
- Oregano [22, 14, 23, 24, 25]
- Basil [22, 14]
- Rosemary [22, 14]
- Thyme [22, 14]
- Clove [14, 26, 27, 28, 29]
- Allspice 
- Sage 
- Ginger 
- Kale 
- Garlic [31, 32]
- Tannic acid [33, 34, 35]
- Rutin [36, 37, 38]
- Epicatechin (EGCG, Tea, Chocolate) [13, 10]
- Cruciferous veggies [39, 10]
- Vanilla  and Vanillic acid 
- Proanthocyanidins/grapeseed extract [41, 10]
- Kaempferol (fruits and veggies) 
- Apigenin (fruits and veggies) 
- Chlorogenic acid (coffee) 
- Kynurenic acid (honey) 
- Daidzein (soy) 
- Hydroxycinnamic acids (cinnamon) 
- Cinnamaldehyde (cinnamon) [35, 43]
- Furocoumarins (grapefruit) 
- Limonoids (found in lemon) 
- Flavanones (i.e., naringenin, eriodictyol, and taxifolin) 
- Salicylic acid (willow bark or aspirin) 
- Some apples 
- Cider 
- GABA 
- Rose essential oil 
- Geranium essential oil 
- Lavender essential oil 
- Rosemary essential oil 
- Alfalfa 
- Clover 
- Witch Hazel 
- Dimethyl-esculetin (artemisia) 
- Flavan-3-ol catechin 
- Lotus 
- Sassafras 
- Urolithin A and B 
- Peas and yam beans 
- Iberin (horseradish) 
- Pyrogallol [46, 10]
- Chaparral 
- Extracts of L. nobilis (Bay Laurel), S. oleraceus (Sow Thistle), T. capensis (Cape honeysuckle), J. sambac (jasmine), P. alba (Silver poplar tree) and P. nigra (Black poplar tree) [10, 47]
- Extracts of: Delisea pulchra (red algae), Medicago truncatula (barrel cover), Ananas comosus (pineapple), Musa paradiciaca (banana), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla), Hypericum connatum (a flower) 
Want More Targeted Ways to Combat Inflammation?
If you’re interested in natural and more targeted ways of lowering your inflammation, we at SelfHacked recommend checking out this inflammation wellness report. It gives genetic-based diet, lifestyle and supplement tips that can help reduce inflammation levels. The recommendations are personalized based on your genes.
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