Buckminsterfullerene, buckyballs or C60, is a complicated nanostructure that scavenges rogue electrons, preventing them from breaking down useful biomolecules in a devastating chain-reaction [R].
In terms of electron transition energy, C60 is classed as a metal, just like metals degrades and rusts from superoxides, C60 is a perfect carbon based superoxide absorber and prevents life from degrading [R]. Other metal-based superoxide absorbers are zinc, copper, and magnesium [R].
Although, there are new theories to accommodate for just how powerfully anti-aging C60 appears to be.
Some think that by absorbing nearby acid, protons, C60 is then attracted to the mitochondria and carries the protons, superoxide acceptors, to prevent the very source of damage from the electron transport chain [R].