RAD140 is a research compound that may have benefits in cancer and muscle wasting disorders. Although it is not yet approved for human use, RAD140 is popular with bodybuilders and athletes who are looking to increase muscle mass. Read on to learn more about RAD140 and its effects on the body.
Disclaimer: By writing this post, we are not recommending this drug. Some of our readers who were already taking the drug requested that we commission a post on it, and we are simply providing information that is available in the clinical and scientific literature.
What is RAD140 (Testolone)?
RAD140, also known as Testolone, is a new investigational drug that is popular for its muscle-building effects.
RAD140 belongs to a class of compounds called selective androgen receptor modulators, or SARMs [R].
SARMs work by binding to androgen receptors that are found in different areas of the body. Normally these receptors interact with androgens, which are a group of steroid hormones. Androgens like testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and androstenedione are naturally produced by the body [R].
SARMs and testosterone have similar effects because they work on the same receptor. Some of these effects include influencing the muscles, bones, and the liver [R].
The advantage of SARMs is that they are selective about where they work. They mostly target muscle and bone tissues while having minimal effects on other organs. This allows SARMs to potentially treat hormone-related or muscle-wasting disorders with fewer side effects [R].
This has also made SARMs a popular choice over testosterone or steroids for bodybuilding. Although testosterone and steroids powerfully increase muscle growth, they also have unwanted effects on the prostate and reproductive organs–among others [R].
Additionally, RAD140 has become popular in men with low testosterone levels who want to avoid testosterone replacement therapy but are looking to maintain their physical and sexual performance. Such use is still completely anecdotal.
Despite the lack of safety research in humans, RAD140 is used by bodybuilders to increase strength and endurance.
RAD140 is not illegal, but it is banned in professional sports. Along with all other SARMs, RAD140 is on the prohibited list of the World Anti-Doping Agency [R].
- Increases muscle mass
- May help burn fat
- May protect brain cells
- Fewer side effects compared to steroids
- May help in certain breast cancers
- Testosterone suppression is possible
- No human studies
- Long-term risks unknown
Mechanism of Action
RAD140 works by selectively stimulating androgen receptors in the body. It targets receptors in the muscle and bone and has little to no effect on the reproductive organs [R].
The selective ability of SARMs is not fully understood yet. They most likely work by selectively activating different proteins than testosterone. This results in only certain androgen receptors–mainly in the muscles–being activated, while sparing others [R].
The structure of RAD140 is also very different from the structure of steroid hormones like testosterone. This means the body isn’t able to convert RAD140 into other hormones like estrogen that may have undesirable effects [R].
This compound also stimulates muscle growth by promoting the development of muscle cells and proteins [R].
Based on a study in rats, RAD140 activates receptors in regions of the brain that are injured. This triggers a signal called the MAPK pathway that helps protect cells [R].
1) Increasing Muscle Mass
RAD140 is popular in the bodybuilding community for its muscle-building effects. Much like other SARMs, it offers a way to increase muscle growth without the unwanted effects of conventional steroids [R].
Despite this popularity, the scientific evidence behind RAD140 is very limited.
Currently, there is only one pilot study that examined RAD140’s effect on muscle growth. In the study, researchers tested different doses in a total of 9 monkeys. They found that RAD140 increases lean muscle mass after only 28 days of use [R].
2) Breast Cancer
RAD140 is showing promising results for breast cancer [R].
A common form of breast cancer called androgen and estrogen receptor positive (AR/ER+) is sensitive to hormones. Medications that affect these receptors, like SARMs, may have cancer-fighting potential [R].
In a cell study, RAD140 stopped the growth of AR/ER+ breast cancer cells by blocking the effects of estrogen [R].
3) Brain Effects
Androgens also play an important role in protecting the brain. They can increase brain cell growth, improve memory, and decrease amyloid beta accumulation. Amyloid beta proteins are believed to be the main cause of Alzheimer’s disease [R].
Interestingly, some RAD140 users report better sleep, but there are no studies to back this effect up. Same goes for reports of its ability to enhance sexual performance–although this could theoretically be tied to its testosterone-mimicking effects.
4) Weight Loss
SARMs are known to increase muscle mass while also reducing body fat.
Only one study in monkeys looked at RAD140’s effects on muscle and fat. Although it increased lean muscle, the effect on body fat was unclear [R].
There is no set dose for RAD140, as it has yet to be clinically investigated in humans.
Bodybuilding resources usually recommend a dose of 10 to 30 mg per day.
For women, a dose of 5 to 10 mg per day is recommended.
Users typically cycle RAD140 for 8 to 12 weeks. The off-cycle can vary, some recommend they last as long as the cycles, while others think that a shorter off-cycle of 6-8 weeks is sufficient. Veterans will tailor these depending on their labs, checking to see how the cycles affected their liver markers and hormone balance.
RAD140 appears to have good bioavailability. According to research in monkeys, about 70% of the drug is absorbed into the body when ingested [R].
In order to increase results, bodybuilders will sometimes combine RAD140 with other SARMs or steroids. Users have reported stacking with Ostarine, Ibutamoren, and with conventional steroids like Primobolan. The combo with Ostarine is reported to improve recovery. For cutting or endurance gains, it’s usually stacked with Cardarine.
Post Cycle Therapy
The use of SARMs and steroids can suppress the body’s ability to produce testosterone. The extent of testosterone suppression usually varies between each person and also depends on the dose and duration of use. However, most experienced users recommend post cycle therapy (PCT) after each cycle of RAD140 [R].
PCT usually involves taking Nolvadex and Clomid to restore hormone levels. The optimal length of PCT can vary depending on the length of SARM use. Users typically report taking PCT for 3 to 4 weeks.
Side Effects and Risks
RAD140 is a very new investigational substance. Its safety and side effects have not been clinically evaluated yet.
- Breast tenderness/growth in men
- Abnormal body hair growth in women
- Changes in sex drive
- Male pattern baldness/hair loss
- Mood swings and anxiety/depression
- Nausea and vomiting
Bodybuilders commonly report hair loss as a side effect, which is reversed once they stop taking RAD140.
Testosterone Suppression & Estrogen Effects
SARMs can suppress the body’s natural testosterone production. And although it shouldn’t cause a full-blown hormonal imbalance, it has been reported to slightly raise blood estradiol–similar to other SARMs. Some claim that RAD140 is special in that it’s the SARM that won’t aromatize to estrogen or shut down your testosterone, but user reviews suggest otherwise.
In theory and in practice, RAD140 can potentially cause testosterone suppression and build up estrogen to an extent. This can cause decreased sex drive, depression, and tiredness. Users recommend PCT (Clomid or Nolvadex) to restore hormone levels – which goes to say that it’s probably not as selective as some advocates claim.
The degree of suppression or estrogen-like effects can vary–some users report being more sensitive to it, while it doesn’t impact other users as much. Greater doses and longer use of any substances will always increase your risk of unwanted effects, and RAD140 is no exception.
One of the biggest drawbacks of using testosterone is the negative effects it has on the prostate. Testosterone enlarges the prostate and potentially increase the risk of prostate cancer [R].
The selective nature of SARMs means that they should have little to no effect on the prostate. Based on current research, RAD140 does not increase the size of the prostate. However, research has not been done in humans yet [R, R].
RAD140 (Testolone) vs. Ostarine
Ostarine, also known as Enobosarm, is a popular SARM that has been tested in humans. One clinical trial has looked at Ostarine’s ability to improve drastic weight loss (cachexia) caused by severe illnesses [R].
RAD140 and Ostarine are both SARMs, so they should have minimal effects on the prostate and reproductive organs [R].
The two differ when it comes to their effects on muscle and fat. Based on anecdotal reports, Ostarine has milder muscle-building effects and is better for fat loss. It’s the usual choice cutting cycles and for those that want to gain modest but pure, clean muscle mass.
On the other hand, RAD140 appears to be a stronger SARM that provides better muscle growth. It’s a more popular choice for bulking.
Genetics Related to RAD140 (Testolone)
Patients with hormonal imbalances or deficiencies should approach the use of RAD140 with caution [R].
Mutations in the gene coding for the androgen receptor may change the body’s response to RAD140. Depending on the nature of the mutation, RAD140 can have increased or decreased activity in the body. People with variations in this gene may also be susceptible to more side effects with RAD140. However, this has yet to be researched in more detail [R, R].
Limitations and Caveats
RAD140 is a promising candidate for a number of conditions. However, these benefits have yet to be explored in human studies.
This drug has only been tested in rats and monkeys. Although it is used as a supplement by athletes, the long-term benefits and risks of human use are unknown.
SARM users should be careful when purchasing products online.
In a recent study, researchers analyzed 44 different SARM products that were sold online. They found that only 52% actually contained SARMs [R].
In addition, 39% of products contained an unapproved drug and 25% contained substances not listed on the label [R].
As a bodybuilding supplement, people have found that RAD140 is great for increasing muscle mass while also reducing body fat. According to some, it also improves speed, stamina, and endurance during exercise.
Users also report that RAD140 works quickly, with some users seeing significant results in as little as 3 to 4 weeks.
RAD140 does tend to cause testosterone suppression and most users opt-in for PCT after.
Side effects reported by users include hair loss, tiredness, and decreased sex drive. A number, on the other hand, mention increased sex drive and stamina. Others have experienced mood changes and joint pain. A few users who do lab tests after cycles had high liver markers (ALT and AST) after taking RAD140. It’s unknown what other substances they were using.
Buying RAD140 (Testolone)
There are vendors who sell RAD140 in the United States. You can get 10% off by using the code “selfhacked”.
We at SelfHacked advise speaking to a doctor before taking any drug, especially an unscheduled drug with limited long-term safety data in humans.
RAD140 is an investigational drug that is popular for its muscle-building effect. It offers muscle growth similar to testosterone, but without many of the unwanted effects.
Research is currently exploring RAD140’s beneficial effect on muscle mass, breast cancer, and brain cells.
Side effects commonly reported by users include temporary hair loss, decreased sex drive, and mood changes.
RAD140 is prohibited in professional sports. All SARMs are actively screened for in tests.
Users should also be cautious when purchasing SARMs online. Research has found that many online products do not contain the advertised ingredients.
Overall, research and anecdotal evidence suggest that RAD140 has exciting potential. However, the safety and long-term risks of human use are unknown.