C60 is still relatively new, with only limited studies. C60 oil showed promising antioxidant and lifespan-increasing effects in rats and dishes. However, early studies show it may also induce DNA mutations. What’s more, C60 completely lacks clinical trials. Read on for a breakdown of available science behind C60.
Disclaimer: Clinical studies have yet to determine the effectiveness and safety of C60. Thus, C60 has a high potential for harm, with unknown risks and side effects. We suggest against supplementation until proper clinical trials determine the effectiveness and safety profile of this substance.
What is C60?
Buckminsterfullerene, buckyballs, or C60 is a powerful antioxidant that has effects on unsaturated fats. it removes superoxide, which is a toxic by-product of cellular metabolism that contributes to tissue injury in many human diseases .
A review of scientific research concluded that C60 early research holds some promise. The compound had longevity and antioxidant effects in animals and cells. However, it’s still far too soon to draw any conclusions from such limited data .
The proposed mechanism indicates that C60 has the ability to acquire positive charge by absorbing protons; this complex could enter the mitochondria, leading to a decrease in reactive oxygen species production .
Computer simulations have shown that C60 has the ability to pass through lipid membranes, enter the cell, and alter its functions .
Some C60 derivatives that are produced in the body are water-soluble and apparently non-toxic below concentrations of 1 mg/mL .
- May promote longevity
- May reduce oxidative stress and inflammation
- Kills microbes
- Shields the skin and nerve cells
- May cause DNA mutations
- Not studied in humans at all
- Side effects profile and interactions unknown
- High potential for harm
- Both short- and long-term safety is unknown
1) May Promote Longevity
The above studies used a derivative of C60 while using the real thing in olive oil (1.7 mg/kg, 2x a month) can produce a 90% increase in rats’ lifespan .
However, it’s completely uncertain if C60 has any effect on human lifespan. Many compounds that initially seem to increase the lifespan of lab animals turn out to be ineffective in humans.
2) Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory Properties
Carboxy C60 is significantly better than ubiquinone in preventing fat peroxidation and iron-induced oxidation in cells .
Also, malonyl-C60 inhibits nitric oxide synthase, a creator of nitric oxide, in test-tubes .
Water-soluble C60 prevents stress-induced damage and the breakdown of bones. It also prevents the loss of bone cells and bone inflammation in rabbits .
3) Anti-Microbial Properties
When the right kind of photons work with hydroxy C60 it can deactivate mosquito viruses .
Also, malonyl C60 killed Group A Streptococcus, which causes strep throat, skin infections, and toxic shock syndrome .
4) Neuroprotective Properties
Hydroxyl C60 protects nerves from dying due to overwork in cell cultures .
5) Prevents UV Damage
Perfect for incorporating into a skin lotion, C60 Oil stops sunburn in models of human skin .
Side Effects & Safety Findings
In rats, high doses didn’t affect body fat, protein, sugar, and other molecules .
C60 oil caused DNA damage in rats, changing the DNA expression of the lungs and liver .
Additionally, sister chromatid exchange and micronucleation occur more often from C60 — this can be a source of DNA mutation .
Even though a study on injecting live mice brains with carboxy fullerene suggested it could be useful in preventing stroke, 20% of the mice that were injected with too much died .
Human studies on C60 are lacking, so we don’t know much about its potential side effects and safety profile.
C60 Oil is best dissolved in oil with a centrifuge. Pure C60 and high doses of dissolved C60 can be toxic .
Early animal and cell-based studies suggest fullerene (buckminsterfullerene or C60) may be an antioxidant that removes toxic metabolic waste. According to these early studies, C60 may promote longevity and reduce oxidative stress. However, it showed the potential to damage DNA. Additionally, fullerene has not yet been studied in humans. Thus, its short- and long-term risk and safety profile remain unknown. We recommend against taking this compound until proper clinical trials are completed.