Progesterone has a lot of benefits. People often have an imbalance of their progesterone and estrogen ration – with too much estrogen and not enough progesterone.
- Progesterone and Fertility
- The Role in Breasts
- Progesterones Role in Milk Production
- Too Little Progesterone
- Too Much Progesterone
- Progesterone in Males
- Progesterone in Hormone Therapy
- Progesterone: The Good
- 1) Progesterone Boosts Energy Levels
- 2) Progesterone is an Anti-Inflammatory
- 3-4) Progesterone Helps Lower Weight and Increases Free Thyroid Hormones
- 5) Progesterone Helps Lower Sugar Cravings
- 6) Progesterone is a Diuretic and Reduce Blood Pressure
- 7) Progesterone Stimulates Bone Growth
- 8) Progesterone Protects Against Cancer
- 9) Progesterone Boosts Libido
- 10) Progesterone Reduces Stress and Anxiety
- 11) Progesterone Helps Sleep
- 12) Progesterone Improves Mood by Increasing Serotonin and Dopamine
- 13) Progesterone Helps With Common Symptoms of Menopause
- 14) Progesterone Causes Relief From Menstration and PMS Symptoms
- 15) Progesterone Helps Maintain Fertility
- 16) Progesterone Improves Muscle Mass
- 17) Progesterone Helps Reverse Baldness
- 18) Progesterone Improves the Skin
- 19-21) Other
- Progesterone: The Bad
- Progesterone on SelfDecode
- Buying Progesterone
Progesterone belongs to a group of hormones called progestogens and these are involved in the menstrual cycle, embryo creation, and pregnancy of humans and other species (R).
Progesterone is produced and released by the ovaries and maintains fertility in women (R).
Progesterone and Fertility
Progesterone prepares the uterus for egg attachment and maintains pregnancy and prevents further ovulation during pregnancy.
Progesterone is required for ovulation, fertilization and production of hormonal cells of endometrial glands (R).
Progesterone levels are low during the first stage of menstrual cycle. After ovulation, it goes up and if pregnancy occurs, it will slowly rise from the ninth week of pregnancy until the 32nd week. When progesterone is not produced enough by the body, the placenta begins to produce progesterone after 12 weeks (R).
During the menstrual cycle of a woman, the egg is released from the ovary at ovulation which is approximately at day 14, and remnants of ovarium follicle form a structure called the corpus luteum. This releases progesterone and a little estradiol. If the released egg is fertilized, progesterone prepares the body for pregnancy. However, if the egg is not fertilized, the corpus luteum breaks down and decreases the production of progesterone. Then new menstrual cycle begins (R).
When the egg is fertilized, progesterone causes the growth of blood vessels around the womb and enables the glands in the womb to secrete nutrients for early embryo. Then progesterone leads to the thickening of the uterine lining so that the fertilized egg can attach, and maintains the womb throughout the pregnancy (R).
During the early stage of pregnancy, progesterone is essential for establishing the placenta. When the placenta is established, at around week 12 of pregnancy it takes over the production of progesterone. Therefore the progesterone is also produced by placenta during the pregnancy (R).
The Role in Breasts
Progesterone affects the development of breast during puberty and thereafter as well. It stimulates the growth of maternal breast tissue. Breasts are composed of lobules and alveoli and progesterone helps them to develop. It stimulates the formation of the milk glands (R).
Progesterones Role in Milk Production
When the lobuloalveolar maturation is complete in the pregnancy (at the end of the fourth month), the breasts are fully prepared for lactation (R).
Prolactin (the hormone associated with human milk production (R)) induces the onset of milk secretion (R), but estrogen and progesterone suppress the prolactin receptor production in breast tissue. Upon childbirth, estrogen and progesterone levels decrease immediately. This decrease results in the milk production and the milk production by prolactin (R).
Too Little Progesterone
According to research, low levels of progesterone cause definite abnormalities (R).
Low progesterone may be due to amenorrhea (no periods), failure to ovulate or possible miscarriage (R).
Low progesterone prevents women from getting pregnant. Progesterone causes the uterus thickening in anticipation of receiving a fertilized egg. If the uterus cannot become thick enough, implantation cannot occur (R).
Low progesterone level may result in ectopic pregnancy – or pregnancy that occurs outside of uterus (R).
Low progesterone may cause irregular or absent menstrual bleeding (R).
Too Much Progesterone
If the progesterone level is higher than normal level, this may be due to pregnancy, adrenal cancer, ovarian cancer, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (R).
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a disorder that affects the adrenal gland by lacking an enzyme which the adrenal gland needs to make the hormones (R).
Progesterone pills, either alone or in combination with estrogen, prevent the ovulation, as well as pregnancy (R).
Some evidence show that high levels of progesterone have a role in ovarian cancer since continuous ovulation could be involved in causing ovarian cancer (R).
Progesterone in Males
Although progesterone is thought as female sex hormone, it is also produced in the adrenal cortex in both sexes and in the testes of males (R).
The amount of progesterone is less in males than in females (R).
If progesterone level is lower than normal in the man, some symptoms appear, such as low libido, hair loss, depression, muscle loss, weight gain etc… (R).
Progesterone in Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy is used to treat certain symptoms of menopause. It works by replacing the estrogen that is no longer produced by the body (R).
Studies show that using synthetic progesterone (progestin) with estrogen increases the breast cancer risk compared to estrogen alone. By contrast using natural progesterone with estrogen does not affect breast cancer risk (R).
Before the menopause years, cells from the endometrium are shed during menstruation. When the endometrium is no longer shed, cells are overgrowth in the uterus by estrogen, which can lead to cancer (R).
Progesterone decreases the risk of endometrial cancer by making endometrium thin (R).
Progesterone: The Good
1) Progesterone Boosts Energy Levels
Low progesterone causes low glucose supply to the brain, which may make us more mentally fatigued (R).
2) Progesterone is an Anti-Inflammatory
Progesterone has anti-inflammatory actions.
3-4) Progesterone Helps Lower Weight and Increases Free Thyroid Hormones
Excessive estrogen stores more food as fat (R).
5) Progesterone Helps Lower Sugar Cravings
6) Progesterone is a Diuretic and Reduce Blood Pressure
Progesterone makes fluid leave the body and reduces bloating and swelling (R).
7) Progesterone Stimulates Bone Growth
Progesterone stimulates bone growth (R).
Progesterone activates osteoblasts or bone forming cells (R).
8) Progesterone Protects Against Cancer
9) Progesterone Boosts Libido
Having high levels of estrogen may prevent a woman from having an orgasm (R).
10) Progesterone Reduces Stress and Anxiety
11) Progesterone Helps Sleep
12) Progesterone Improves Mood by Increasing Serotonin and Dopamine
13) Progesterone Helps With Common Symptoms of Menopause
The high ratio between estrogen and progesterone causes the problems of menopause.
Giving people progesterone cream can help with hot flushes, mood swings, insomnia, night sweats, vaginal dryness and restlessness (R).
14) Progesterone Causes Relief From Menstration and PMS Symptoms
Causes of PMS include cyclical changes in hormones, changes in the brain, and depression.
Progesterone along with other drugs called diuretics, NSAIDS, and antidepressants can help with these conditions (R).
14 days after ovulation, if there is no pregnancy, the uterus presses in and this causes bleeding.
Low progesterone causes uncontrolled menstrual bleeding, so progesterone can limit uncontrolled bleeding (R).
15) Progesterone Helps Maintain Fertility
Progesterone helps avoid early miscarriage by maintaining the fetus and stopping the surface of the uterus from being lost to menstrual bleeding (R).
16) Progesterone Improves Muscle Mass
Progesterone improves muscle mass by promoting muscle protein synthesis (R).
17) Progesterone Helps Reverse Baldness
Progesterone inhibits the enzyme 5-alpha reductase,prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (R).
18) Progesterone Improves the Skin
Progesterone moisturizes the skin (R).
Progesterone increases thickness and number of collagen, which makes skin stronger (R).
Progesterone raises body temperature causing one to sweat more (R), which may help ‘detoxification’ and weight loss.
Progesterone improves the integrity and function of cell membranes (R).
Progesterone increases gut flow and speeds up the movement of the food through the digestive tract (R).
Progesterone supplementation greatly reduces preterm birth in some women (R).
Progesterone: The Bad
1) Progesterone Causes Headache
Progesterone increases headache related chemicals in the brain (R).
Estrogen increases chemicals that cause blood vessels to expand (R).
The increase in estrogen and decrease in progesterone can cause blood vessels to dilate then contract continuously and cause headaches (R).
2) Progesterone Causes Painful/Tender Breasts
Progesterone causes painful or tender breasts (R).
The breasts contain many hormone receptors (progesterone and estrogen) and are affected by small changes in hormone balance (R).
Each month, the ducts near the nipple fill with fluid, which causes the breast to swell and a feeling of fullness (R).
This can also cause breast tenderness (R).
This often diminishes once the menstrual cycle has started (R).
3) Synthetic Progesterone May Increase Heart Disease Risk
4) Progesterone Causes Missed Periods
Progesterone causes mice not to ovulate or have periods (R).
Progesterone stops cells at the surface of the uterus from dividing and causes sores on the surface of the uterus (R).
This causes the uterus to bleed (R).
Progesterone on SelfDecode
Progesterone tablets can be taken orally.
Progesterone cream taken on the skin can be 5-7 times more powerful than progesterone taken orally.
Progesterone cream can be taken through vaginal or anal routes.
Preferred progesterone cream:
Other potentially good progesterone creams: